PRONOUNCING MICMAC

The Alphabet -- a e g i j l m n o p q s t u w '

VOWELS
Micmac
Letter
English
Example
Micmac
Example
English
Translation
a father ta'pu two
e bed epit sitting
i machine jinm man
o toe moqwa no
u dune Listugujg at Restigouche
BLENDS
Micmac
Letter
English
Example
Micmac
Example
English
Translation
aw how awti road
ew * newt one
iw few mu maja'siw I don't leave
ow** know negmow they
ai pie atlai shirt
ei grey welei I'm fine
(* The sound of ew is lick the sound of e (bed) plus the sound of u (dune) said together in sequence.
**The sound of ow is made by rounding the lips after saying the o.)


CONSONANTS

The letters l, m, n and w have the same sounds as in English. The letter q has a guttural sound, similar to the sound of ch in the Scottish word Loch. The other consonants are pronounced as follows:

Micmac
Letter
When next to vowels* has soft sound, like English letter.... When next to another consonant,* has hard sound like English letter....
g g k
j j ch
p b p
s z s
t d t
(*In some words the Micmac consonant will have the "other" sound even when these conditions apply. Space does not allow a discussion of the rules here.)


APOSTROPHE

1) Apostrophe (') indicates a vowel sound like that of the o in apron. It is written only when it is needed in order to show the correct pronunciation; for example, in ms't ('m-S'D; "all") the apostrophe shows it is not pronounced (m'st).
2) Apostrophe is also used after a vowel to show that its sound is held longer.