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Call Number: MIC-Loyalist FC LMR .G7W3M8D8
Name: Great Britain. War Office.
Title: Muster Books and Pay Lists (WO 12/10684) : Duke of Cumberland's Regiment : 1783.
Description: 1 microfilm reel of textual records ; 35 mm.
Background
Information:
The Duke of Cumberland's Regiment, also known as Montagu's Corps, was raised in Charleston and Camden, South Carolina. On 17 November 1780, Governor Dalling of Jamaica approved the rank of Lieutenant Colonel for Lord Charles G. Montagu and authorized him to raise 5 companies of 100 men each for service in Jamaica or elsewhere. Montagu offered rebel prisoners the opportunity to serve the King instead of wasting away in prison, and many joined him. In August 1781, the regiment sailed for Jamaica and spent the war there. Part of Amherst's Corps was merged with the Duke of Cumberland's Regiment, and the remainder of Amherst's Corps merged with the Loyal American Rangers. A second Battalion of the Duke of Cumberland's Regiment was authorized by the Secretary of State, and Lord Montagu arrived in New York on 4 April 1783 to recruit for the Battalion. He announced that the Loyal American Rangers was to be absorbed into that Battalion. The Regiment was disbanded in Jamaica on 24 October 1783. Captain Gideon White's company was allowed to settle in Nova Scotia and a number of officers and men from the disbanded regiment settled at Chedabucto, while others went to Shelburne, Nova Scotia.
Contents:
Twenty-seven muster rolls of the Duke of Cumberland's regiment have been microfilmed on this reel. Both the 1st Battalion and the 2nd Battalion are represented. The dates of the muster rolls vary, but fall within the period from 25 June 1783 until 24 October 1783. Each muster roll contains the names of commissioned and non-commissioned officers and private men. Casuals are listed in the 1st Battalion records only. The Remarks column contains notes about individual soldiers, and as the regiment served in Jamaica, an inordinate number of the men are listed as sick, or sick in the regimental hospital. Other comments, typical of muster rolls include: on duty, dead, absent by leave, furlough, deserted, on guard, recruiting, and discharged.

In the case of the 1st Battalion, the 24 August 1783 muster lists a number of men who, after discharge, joined either the 60th Regiment or the Buffs. The musters of the 1st Battalion are far more detailed that those for the 2nd Batalion and can include the following headings: length of time in service, to remain in Jamaica, embark for England, and embark for Nova Scotia. Several companies of the 2nd Battalion have either two or three members of the Black Pioneers attached to several of the companies. They are listed as Negroes, and only their first name is given.

The muster rolls have been microfilmed in the following order:
  • Captain Andrew Cunningham's Company, 2nd Battalion, 25 June 1783 - 24 August 1783.
  • Captain Richard O'Brien's Company, 2nd Battalion, 25 June - [24 August 1783].
  • Captain Andrew Cunningham's Company, 2nd Battalion, when disbanded at the Palisadoes, 24 September 1783.
  • Captain Richard O'Brien's Company, 2nd Battalion, when disbanded at the Palisadoes, 24 September 1783.
  • Lt. Col's Company, Lord Charles Montague, 1st Battalion, Fort Augusta, 24 August 1783.
  • Captain Philip Sergeant's Company, 1st Battalion, Fort Augusta, 24 August 1783.
  • Captain Jonathan Cardan's Company, 1st Battalion, Fort Augusta, 24 August 1783.
  • Captain William Oliphant's Company, 1st Battalion, Fort Augusta, 24 August 1783.
  • Captain Robert Palmer's Company, 1st Battalion, Fort Augusta, 24 August 1783.
  • Captain James Thompson's Company, 1st Battalion, Fort Augusta, 24 August 1783.
  • Captain Marcus Rainsford's Company, 1st Battalion, Fort Augusta, 24 August 1783.
  • Major William Splain's Company, 1st Battalion, Fort Augusta, 24 August 1783.
  • Captain Richard Cunningham's Company, 2nd Battalion, when disbanded at the Palisadoes, 24 October 1783.
  • Major John Macdonald's Company, 2nd Battalion, when disbanded at the Palisadoes, 24 October 1783.
  • Captain Richard Fleetwood Brownrigg's Company, 2nd Battalion, when disbanded at the Palisadoes, 24 October 1783.
  • Captain Andrew Robinson's Company, 2nd battalion, when disbanded at the Palisadoes, 24 October 1783.
  • Captain Andrew Skinner's Company, 2nd Battalion, when disbanded at the Palisadoes, 24 October 1783.
  • Captain George Taylor's Company, 2nd Battalion, when disbanded at the Palisadoes, 24 October 1783.
  • Captain Gideon White's Company, 2nd Battalion, when disbanded at the Palisadoes, 24 October 1783.
  • Lt. Col's Company, Lord Charles Montague, 1st Battalion, Kingston, 25 December 1782 - 24 June 1783.
  • Captain Philip Sergeant's Company, 1st Battalion, Kingston, 25 December 1782 - 24 June 1783.
  • Captain Jonathan Carden's Company, 1st Battalion, Kingston, 25 December 1782 - 24 June 1783.
  • Captain William Oliphant's Company, 1st Battalion, Kingston, 25 December 1782 - 24 June 1783.
  • Captain Richard Palmer's Comapny, 1st Battalion, Kingston, 25 December 1782 - 24 June 1783.
  • Captain Marcus Rainsford's Company, 1st Battalion, Kingston, 25 December 1782 - 24 June 1783.
  • Major William Splain's Company, 1st Battalion, Kingston, 25 December 1782 - 24 June 1783.
  • Captain James Thompson's Company, 1st Battalion, 182 days, 25 December 1782 - 24 June 1783.
Originals: The original records are held by the Public Records Office in London.
Other
Numbers:
PRO WO 12/10684
668

The Loyalist Collection is located within the Microforms Department at the Harriet Irving Library.

Last update: 2012/12
This document: http://www.lib.unb.ca/collections/loyalist/