The Loyalist Collection

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Call Number: MIC-Loyalist FC LMR .H3F7P3
Name: Haldimand, Frederick, Sir, 1718-1791.
Title: Papers and Correspondence : 1758-1784.
Description: 115 microfilm reels of textual records (232 volumes) ; 35 mm.
Frederick Haldimand was a Swiss-German from the Commune of Yverdon in Switzerland. From an early age he was interested in following a military career, but as Switzerland offered little for an ambitious young man, he pursued his interest in a foreign army. In 1748 he became an officer of the Swiss Guards in the Dutch Army. In 1756 a number of officers, including Haldimand, his friends Henry Bouquet, Augustine Prevost, Samuel Johannes Holland and Frederick Wallet DesBarres, transferred to the British army. Haldimand received the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the 2nd Battalion of the 60th, or Royal American Regiment. He saw active duty throughout the Seven Years War and was promoted to full Colonel in 1762. Later the same year he was appointed Military Governor of Trois Rivières, Quebec, and in 1767 arrived in Florida as brigadier of the Southern Department with responsibilities for the military affairs of both East and West Florida, remaining there until 1773. In that year he was transferred to New York and later became acting commander-in-chief at Boston when General Gage returned to England. Following a period of leave in England and Switzerland in 1777, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Northern or Canadian Department with headquarters at Quebec, and with authority over both civil and military affairs. He continued in this capacity until the end of the American Revolution, and until he had concluded arrangements for the settlement of the Loyalists and the Six Nations Indians who had remained loyal to Britain. In November of 1784 he sailed for England and lived in London for the rest of his life, dying on a visit to Switzerland.
The Haldimand Collection is a valuable resource for the study of events in North America from the beginning of the Seven Years War to the end of the American Revolution and the early period of Loyalist settlement. The Papers contain the correspondence and records of Frederick Haldimand's various commands at Trois Rivières, Florida, New York, and Quebec. Included is correspondence with such military commanders as General Jeffery Amherst, Thomas Gage, Sir John Burgoyne, Henry Bouquet, and Sir Henry Clinton; various civil and military officials such as the Earl of Sandwich, First Lord of the Admiralty; Lord Barrington, Secretary at War; Lord Dartmouth and Lord George Germain, Secretaries of State; the Governors of Quebec, James Murray and Sir Guy Carleton; British ministers, including the Earl of Shelburne and Lord North; officers of Loyalist Corps such as Robert Rogers, James Rogers, Sir John Johnson, John Butler, and many others; Indian Department officials, Sir William Johnson, Guy Johnson and Daniel Claus; several governors and lieutenant governors; and many letters by Robert Matthews, Haldimand's military secretary.
The material is arranged in subject/chronological groups with many anomalies to this general statement of organization. Subjects include civil government; military affairs; Loyalists; Indian affairs; minutes of council; reports of meetings; military returns; general orders; abstracts of warrants; musters of regiments; returns of provisions and stores; statistics; memoranda; memorials from officers and soldiers; returns of ordnance; registers of commissions; letters to Haldimand and copies of his outgoing correspondence; musters of townships and settlements of refugee Loyalists; returns and correspondence relating to prisoners; and personal papers.
Originals: The original records are held by the British Library.
British Library Additional Manuscripts 21,661 - 21,892 inclusive.
A Calendar of the Haldimand Papers was published in, Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts of the British Museum in the Years 1854-1860. [London]: Trustees of the British Museum, 1965. Throughout the reels of microfilm, the pages of the Calendar that relate to the manuscripts that follow have been included on the film. A combined microfilm shelf list and annotated table of contents is available in print.

The Reports of the Public Archives of Canada, 1884-1889, contain a calendar to the volumes of the Haldimand Papers which were transcribed by the Public Archives of Canada, now the National Archives of Canada. The transcript volumes were microfilmed and that film is available for consultation from the National Archives of Canada. NAC volumes are identified as B-1 to B-232. The Reports are shelved in the Government Documents Department of the Harriet Irving Library at the following number, HIL-Gov FN45 .R426.

Web Finding Aid Available
Since the microfilm copies of the Additional Manuscripts in the Loyalist Collection and the Transcript volumes in the NAC are not identical, a conversion list which correlates the Additional Manuscript numbers, the B Volume Transcripts, the Calendar in the PAC Reports, and the microfilm reel numbers in The Loyalist Collection, has been prepared by Kathryn Hilder, Librarian and author of the Loyalist Collection Inventory.
The National Archives of Canada has prepared a nominal index to four volumes of the Haldimand transcripts which relate directly to Loyalist regimental roles and returns of Loyalist settlers. Both the index and the transcript volumes are available on one reel of microfilm which is shelved in the Loyalist Collection at MIC-Loyalist FC LMR .H3F7P3.

The Loyalist Collection is located within the Microforms Department at the Harriet Irving Library.

Last update: 2012/12
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